A mature cybersecurity program is not necessarily an effective one. And while many companies conflate maturity with efficacy, the CISO knows that when it comes to information security, there is a significant difference between the two.
Most of the time, maturity means there are systematic processes in place that can be activated in a reliable and repeatable manner if a threat occurs. In other words, a mature security program has a well-established methodology that ticks all the proverbial boxes and can easily pass a compliance audit. In contrast, efficacy means having an agile, adaptable, and creative operation where teams possess the real-world knowledge and resources to detect and prevent threats on a practical level.